Filipino has been the national language of the Philippines since 1957. It is based on Tagalog but also includes elements from the other languages of the Philippines, such as Bisaya, Ilongo, Cebuano and Ilokano, and from Spanish, English and Chinese. Since 1978 Filipino has been used as the language of instruction in schools and universities throughout the Philippines, though English is also widely used.
The Filipino alphabet has under gone a number of changes over the years. The last major one was in 1987, when the letters ch, ll and rr were removed. The version of the alphabet shown below is the 1987 one.